Types Of Paralysis
| Monoplegia | Hemiplegia | Paraplegia | Quadriplegia |

What are the types of Paralysis ?

Paralysis is a renowned disabling disease that drains people physically, emotionally, mentally and financially. This is a world famous cause of death that has acquired a place in the list of “top causes to increase death”. And understanding the disease along with the types of Paralysis is probably a good idea.

The disease’s most well-known definition is loss of muscle function throughout the body. Sometimes it is temporary, and other times it is permanent. While this disease can affect any part of the body, the majority of instances occur in the limbs and face, which no one can predict.

Partial and total paralysis can occur at any time. A paralyzed sufferer does not experience any immediate pain. Depending on the nature of the underlying cause, the treatment plan is intended to either cure or treat the illness. Because it’s all the patients would need to keep their daily routine from being considerably disrupted.

Stroke is the most common underlying cause of the condition, whether partial or total. If it is complete, the patient has no control over the injured muscle tissue; if it is partial, the patient has some control over the affected muscle.


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What are the different types of Paralysis?

When you learned that Paralysis can be partial as well as complete, you must have had an idea that it can be of a few varieties – well yes, there are four major types of this disabling disease. It is important to understand each one of them to make sure that you get the right treatment. Therefore, the four types of Paralysis are:

  • Monoplegia
  • Hemiplegia
  • Paraplegia
  • Quadriplegia

All of the above types can be caused by a Brain Stroke, which can be put under two categories: Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes. When blood flow to a part of the brain somehow, gets restricted or reduced, brain tissues cannot get oxygen and nutrients, resulting in an Ischemic Stroke. And Hemorrhagic Stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain ruptures and bleeds. It could potentially turn to be a fatal medical condition.

Monoplegia Paralysis

Monoplegia is a kind of paralysis that affects only one limb, usually the arm, but it can also affect one of the legs. However, in all the cases, self-diagnosis plays and exclusively significant role, as the sooner you diagnose the disease, the sooner you can begin the treatment to recovery.

Monoplegia Symptoms

The symptoms might appear unexpectedly, as in the case of an injury or stroke. The symptoms may also worsen with time as a result of the advancement of cerebral palsy or a motor neuron disease. In addition to being unable to move one of your arms or legs, you may encounter the following symptoms:

  • Reduced sensation
  • Spasms or rigidity of the muscles
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Decrease of muscle tone
  • Curling of the affected limb’s fingers or toes


Hemiplegia is a type of paralysis that only affects one side of your body. This symptom is frequently a critical indicator of serious or life-threatening diseases, such as a brain stroke, but it can also occur with less harmful conditions and circumstances. Hemiplegia is among the types of Paralysis, a condition in which a person retains some use of all limbs but has substantially reduced strength and endurance.

Hemiplegia Symptoms

It is a global belief that signs and symptoms for Hemiplegia have to be recognized FAST. And yes, the word ‘FAST’ contains the initials of all the things that can help you recognize the Paralysis and immediately go to a doctor.

  • F: The letter F stands for “face”. Request the person to smile. Look for drooping on one or both sides of their face, which could indicate Paralysis (facial hemiplegia) or muscle weakness.
  • A: The letter A stands for “arm”. A stroke victim frequently develops muscle weakness or Paralysis on one side. Request that they raise their arms. If they develop new one-sided weakness or Paralysis, one arm will remain higher while the other sags and drops downward or does not rise up at all.
  • S: The letter S stands for “speech”. Strokes frequently cause people to lose their ability to talk. They may slur their speech or struggle to find the correct words.
  • T: The letter T stands for “time”. Time is of the essence, so don’t put off seeking assistance! Look at your watch or a clock and try to remember when the symptoms begin. Telling a healthcare provider when the symptoms began will help them determine which therapy options are best.


Paraplegia is among the types of Paralysis (when you can’t control or move your muscles voluntarily) and affects your legs at a large extent. This is due to a problem with your nervous system. This paralysis may have varied impacts on different biological systems or processes depending on how it occurs. Paraplegia is typically a symptom, but in rare cases, it is a distinct condition in its own right.

Paraplegia Symptoms

Here’s a list of all the symptoms that Paraplegia Paralysis brings along, so that you can self-diagnose the condition and see help from doctors:

  • Loss of mobility
  • Sensation loss or alteration, including the capacity to feel heat, cold, and touch
  • Control of the bowels or bladder is lost
  • Excessive reflex activity or spasms
  • Sexual function, sexual sensitivity, and fertility changes
  • Damage to the nerve fibers in your spinal cord causes pain or a stinging sensation.
  • Breathing difficulties, coughing, or removing secretions from your lungs


Quadriplegia is a condition in which all four limbs get affected and paralyzed. The patient’s hands and legs become impaled in this scenario because the brain’s signals to the areas below the neck do not travel to and FRO. The spinal cord is in charge of sending and receiving warnings from the brain.

But, Quadriplegia can develop from spinal cord or brain damage. As the wounds to the affected area heal or the brain inflammation diminishes, the likelihood of recovery from this illness distinctively increases. However, providing an accurate forecast is impossible.

There are several noticeable signs of Quadriplegia that can warn you ahead of time, or at the initial stage of the medical condition, so you can seek help and consult a doctor at the right time and begin your treatment as fast as possible. Here are the common symptoms that may appear:

  • Numbness/loss of feeling throughout the body, notably in the arms and legs
  • Paralysis of the arms and legs (as well as major thoracic muscles)
  • Lack of muscular control causes urinary retention and bowel problems
  • Difficulties breathing (some quadriplegics require assisted breathing devices)
  • Difficulties sitting straight up (due to inability to balance).