BRAIN STROKE CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS
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BRAIN STROKE CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS
WHAT IS PARALYSIS OR STROKE
Paralysis could be one of the most horrific conditions that a human body can be affected. A paralyzed person loses the capacity of voluntary movement in some or all parts of the body. The most difficult part of paralysis is when the person has to become totally dependent on someone else to finish most of the routine tasks. Paralysis is also called Brain stroke that happens when a part of the brain stops working. The ultimate effect is shown in the body parts like Legs, Arms, etc. and movement stops on that part. Brain stroke occurs when the Blood flow to a part of the brain is stopped. Sai Sanjivni is an organization that is best known for its paralysis treatment. It provides ayurvedic medicines along with guidance for the physiotherapy exercises. and they never suggest patients stop allopathic treatment for high blood pressure, sugar, cholesterol for any other ailment. More than 70% of patients show improvement in paralytic condition.
The loss of voluntary muscle is mostly accompanied by numbness or loss of sensation in the affected part. Diplegia and hemiplegia are two of the most serious forms of paralysis.
- Diplegia: refers often only affects both arms or both legs, it can extend to both sides of the face as well.
- Hemiplegia: is often characterized by a loss of strength and mobility on one side of the body.
Paralysis can occur in local or generalized forms, or it may follow a certain pattern. Most of the time paralysis is caused by nervous-system damage. Other most common causes of Paralysis are as follows:
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. Like all other organs, the brain needs a constant supply of blood that contains oxygen and nutrients to function properly. If the blood supply is restricted or stopped, brain cells will begin to die, which can lead to brain damage that often results in paralysis.
In most cases, stroke paralysis affects the opposite side where the brain is damaged due to a stroke of any part of the body that can be affected by it. The immediate fallout of 90% of stroke-affected people is paralysis of some degree.
Fortunately, through paralysis stroke physiotherapy, medication and stroke recovery exercises it is possible to recover from the condition and regain body movements.
A person who suffers a stroke in the left hemisphere of the brain has shown right-sided paralysis or paresis. A person with a stroke in the right hemisphere shows deficits on the left side of the body.
There are two main types of stroke:
1. Ischemic stroke - Ischemic strokes occur as a result of a clot within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain
2. Hemorrhagic Stroke – It happens when blood vessels burst and bleed into the blood.
The symptoms of a stroke include:
- Sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body)
- Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech
- Vision impairment in one or both eyes
- Difficulties with walking
- Dizziness or loss of balance or coordination
- Severe headache with no known cause.
A severe head injury can cause brain damage. The brain's surface can tear or bruise as it bumps against the skull, damaging blood vessels and nerves. The most severe types of head injury can cause an extensive functional limitation such a paralysis, and severely limited mental functioning. Brain injury can happen when a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head results in damage to the brain. It is a major cause of disability and death.
As the brain collides with the inside of the skull, there may be bruising of the brain, tearing of nerve fibers and bleeding. If the skull fractures, a broken piece of the skull may penetrate the brain tissue.
SYMPTOMS OF HEAD INJURY -
- a loss of consciousness
- convulsions or seizures
- repeated vomiting
- slurred speech
- weakness or numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet
- loss of coordination
- dilated pupils
- inability to wake up from sleep
- severe headache
3. SPINAL CORD
The Spinal Cord coordinates the body’s movement and sensation. A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function, such as mobility or feeling. The function of the Spinal cord is to carry message signals of movement from your brain to your body parts, return sensory signals from body parts to your brain and perform reflexive actions. If you've recently experienced a spinal cord injury, it might seem like every aspect of your life has been affected. You might feel the effects of your injury mentally, emotionally and socially.
Spinal cord injuries of any kind may result in one or more of the following signs and symptoms -
- Loss of movement
- Loss or altered sensation, including the ability to feel heat, cold and touch
- Loss of bowel or bladder control
- Exaggerated reflex activities or spasms
- Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity, and fertility
- Pain or an intense stinging sensation caused by damage to the nerve fibers in your spinal cord
- Difficulty breathing, coughing or clearing secretions from your lungs.
COMMON CAUSES OF SPINAL CORD INJURY -
- Motor vehicle accidents. Auto and motorcycle accidents are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries, accounting for almost half of the new spinal cord injuries each year.
- Falls. A spinal cord injury after age 65 is most often caused by a fall. Overall, falls cause more than 15 percent of spinal cord injuries.
- Acts of violence. Around 12 percent of spinal cord injuries result from violent encounters, often involving gunshot and knife wounds.
- Sports and recreation injuries. Athletic activities, such as impact sports and diving in shallow water, cause about 10 percent of spinal cord injuries.
- Alcohol. Alcohol use is a factor in about 1 out of every 4 spinal cord injuries.
- Diseases. Cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, and inflammation of the spinal cord also can cause spinal cord injuries.
4. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells, which can result in the messages coming to and from the brain. This can result in Stroke. The immune system attacks the protective sheath that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage to the nerves.
There's no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, treatments can help speed recovery from attacks, modify the course of the disease and manage symptoms.
Multiple sclerosis signs and symptoms may differ greatly from person to person and over the course of the disease depending on the location of affected nerve fibers. Symptoms often affect movement, such as:
- Slurred speech
- Tingling or pain in parts of your body
- Problems with sexual, bowel and bladder function
SYMPTOMS OF BRAIN STROKES -
when the part if the body is damaged then the brain makes further alternative paths to control that part.
During 6 months of the brain stroke, the body starts working slowly and improvement can be seen in the body of the patient. But after 6 months, recovery of paralysis becomes more difficult and neuroplasticity stops.
So, proper recovery can be done by repeating the cure and treatment of paralysis. Treatment of paralysis includes medicines and regular exercise. Neuroplasticity may vary from patient to patient
2. VITAMIN D: Vitamin D which is highly produced in Mushroom is also advised to patients.
3. VITAMIN B12: Another vitamin that is essential for paralysis patients is Vitamin B12 which can be found in many food items and can also be injected in the patient.
How to improve the functioning of the brain?
2. Improve Neuroplasticity
3. The repetition of exercise is restored in the brain.
WALKING: Patients are also advised for walking and it is the best exercise for paralysis patients. Daily changes in the movements of the patients help incomplete recovery.
HAND EXERCISES: Hand exercises like extension and stretching helps in the movement of hands.
WRITING: Writing can also help in hand movement as the movement in the muscles of fingers helps to increase the blood circulation and movement of hands and arms.
Regular physical activities and domestic works are too performed by the patients. It will help them to recover easily.